To gain body weight the number of calories consumed in the diet must exceed the number of calories the body needs to maintain its current weight. Medical problems such as depression, hypo- and achlorhydria, bulimia, or anorexia must be addressed and treatment underway before weight gain will occur.
The nutrition considerations of a healthful diet still apply when gaining weight is desired. The goal is to increase the number of calories in the diet while making healthful choices from a variety of foods. Focus on foods such as steak, chicken, fruit, milk, vegetables, granola, cheese and assorted types of nuts, avoiding foods which you know you do not tolerate well. Where serious underweight is a problem, weight gain can be best achieved by concentrating on foods with either a higher calorie or fat content. Ounce for ounce, fat has more than twice the calories of either carbohydrate or protein.
- A basic vitamin and mineral supplement, providing 100% of the RDA may be necessary depending on current nutritional status.
- Plan for regular eating times, including three meals and several snacks throughout the day. The need to eat even when experiencing a lack of hunger can be overcome with encouragement from others.
- Stimulate a poor appetite by socializing and eating with friends; or by enjoying favorite foods, enticing aromas like freshly baked bread, soft dinner music, flowers on the table and relaxed, pleasant mealtime conversation.
- Eating larger amounts of foods at mealtimes will increase the calorie content of the meal. If larger meals are not tolerated, try increasing the serving sizes gradually or eating small amounts more often throughout the day.
- For those who drink alcoholic beverages, a drink before meals or wine with meals can increase the appetite. Remember that alcohol does carry “empty” calories – calories with no nutritional value. However, it is not wise to start drinking alcohol simply for this benefit.
- To increase calories, select higher calorie foods and beverages. Beware of filling up on low-calorie or no-calorie foods and beverages. Instead of diet sodas, water, coffee or tea; drink fruit juices, milk and milk shakes, if tolerated. Dried fruits and canned fruits packed in heavy syrup will supply more calories than fresh fruit and are no more filling. Protein powder can be added to some prepared foods to increase the calories and nutrients.
- A canned liquid supplement such as Ensure or Sustacal taken with meals or between meals is effective when there is a lack of interest in food and eating. Many stores carry their own effective brands at a lower cost. Liquid supplements are a convenient way to consume extra calories.
Tips for Gaining Weight
- Eat smaller, more frequent meals
- Do not consume simple carbohydrates just before a meal, as this tends to decrease your appetite
- Fill up on food, not low-calorie beverages
- Make mealtime pleasant — set an attractive table, play soothing music
- Get regular exercise — check with physician first
- Get together with friends or neighbors to share cooking duties and delights
- Take advantage of community programs to provide ready-made meals
- Have nutritious snacks convenient
- Use substitutes to increase calories, try adding dry milk to fluid milk, soups, or mashed potatoes
- Plan mealtimes around energy levels — eat a larger breakfast if you feel better in the morning
Increased Calorie Consumption can help with the following
Eating is the first and most important factor that is needed for proper weight gain – put simply, you need to eat more calories than you burn. Taking meals and snacks more frequently will help accomplish this. Eat every 2.5 to 3 hours; focus on foods higher in protein along with fruit, vegetables and assorted types of nuts. What you eat is the most important ingredient in a successful weight gain program.
The complete absence or failure of stomach acid secretion.
An eating disorder characterized by lack of control - abnormal eating behavior including dieting, vomiting, purging and particularly bingeing that is usually associated with normal weight or obesity (unlike anorexics, who tend to be considerably underweight). The syndrome is associated with guilt, depressed mood, low self-esteem and sometimes with childhood sexual abuse, alcoholism or promiscuity.
An eating disorder characterized by excess control - a morbid fear of obesity leads the sufferer to try and limit or reduce their weight by excessive dieting, exercising, vomiting, purging and use of diuretics. Sufferers are typically more than 15% below the average weight for their height/sex/age and typically have amenorrhea (if female) or low libido (if male). 1-2% of female teenagers are anorexic.
The sugars and starches in food. Sugars are called simple carbohydrates and found in such foods as fruit and table sugar. Complex carbohydrates are composed of large numbers of sugar molecules joined together, and are found in grains, legumes, and vegetables like potatoes, squash, and corn.
Compounds composed of hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen present in the body and in foods that form complex combinations of amino acids. Protein is essential for life and is used for growth and repair. Foods that supply the body with protein include animal products, grains, legumes, and vegetables. Proteins from animal sources contain the essential amino acids. Proteins are changed to amino acids in the body.
454 grams, or about half a kilogram.
1000 grams, 2.2lbs.
Plays a vital role in regulating many body functions. They act as catalysts in nerve response, muscle contraction and the metabolism of nutrients in foods. They regulate electrolyte balance and hormonal production, and they strengthen skeletal structures.
Recommended Daily Allowance of vitamins or other nutrients as determined by the FDA. U.S. RDAs are more widely used than RDAs, and focus on 3 age groups: Infants of 0-12 months; Children of 1-4 years; Adults and children of more than 4 years.
A simple form of sugar; glucose, lactose, fructose, etc. This type of sugar is rapidly absorbed into the blood stream.