Episcleritis is an inflammatory condition of the connective tissue between the conjunctiva and sclera known as the episclera. There is no infection present with episcleritis. Episcleritis is usually mild and rarely progresses to scleritis. The cause is usually unknown, but certain diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, Sjogren’s syndrome, syphilis, herpes zoster and tuberculosis have been associated with episcleritis. Women are typically affected by episcleritis more frequently than men, is recurrent, and characteristically occurs in people in their 30’s and 40’s. The precipitating factor is rarely found, but attacks have been associated with stress and hormonal changes. It is a common condition.
Signs, symptoms & indicators of Episcleritis
No discharge from eyes
Episcleritis looks like conjunctivitis, but there is no discharge or tearing.
Risk factors for Episcleritis
Past episodes of bloodshot eyes
Episcleritis suggests the following may be present
Episcleritis usually has no apparent cause; however, it is sometimes associated with systemic inflammatory conditions such as arthritis, lupus, and inflammatory bowel disease. Rosacea, herpes simplex, gout, tuberculosis, and other diseases are also occasionally underlying causes.
Recommendations for Episcleritis
Treatment for episcleritis is usually not needed. Chilled artificial tears can be used to soothe the eye and reduce mild inflammation. In more severe cases of episcleritis, mild steroids and anti-inflammatory medications are prescribed to reduce inflammation.
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